20-25 kilograms / 50-55 pounds Age of adulthood. The maned wolf’s fox-like characteristics – such as a shaggy, white tipped tail and large ears – have earned it the nickname of “fox on stilts.” The maned wolf is a South American native whose range extends from the Amazon basin rain forest in Brazil to the dry shrub forests of Paraguay and northern Argentina. The longevity of maned wolves in the wild is unknown. Apart from a few other fox and jackal species that rarely consume some plant matters, the mane wolf is the only canid that is naturally and largely omnivorous, regularly consuming fruits and vegetables. Eyes: Long, almond-shaped eyes that look dark from a distance. They have long, reddish fur with black on their legs, feet, shoulders and face. The cubs are fully grown in about a year, and usually mate after they are two years old. Preferred habitat includes grasslands, cerrado, and scrub forest (Redford & Eisenberg, l992). About Maned Wolf. Teeth: Dentition is similar to that of other canids, including dogs, foxes, wolves, coyotes, etc., with lines of sharp teeth including two pairs of long canines. © 2020 (Animal Spot). The legs of the animal are long enough to help them move through the bushes at ease, as well as, to see above the tall vegetation within their habitat. Several research have shown that these mammals give birth to 1-5 puppies in a litter, with the average number of pups being 2.5, after a gestation period of around 65 days. A variety of open habitats are utilized, including savannah, grassland, scrubland, swamps, marshes, and agricultural land. This species is omnivorous. Interestingly enough, despite its common name, the ‘maned wolf’ is neither a wolf, nor a dog, nor is it a fox (in spite of its confusing similarity and color pattern with the red fox). Chrysocyon brachyurus is listed as CITES Appendix II, U.S. ESA-Endangered, and IUCN-Vulnerable. The maned wolves are monogamous (they mate for life). The Maned Wolf is a South American canine that is a unique species in the sense that, it is not closely related to any other living canid, ... Lifespan. During this period, the mother introduces the baby maned wolves with regurgitated food. The maned wolf has very distinct, very long, almost black legs that let it move easily through the tall grasses where they live and see their prey. Pair-bonded. The maned wolf is an omnivore. Their maximum life span is about 15 years. Diet. Its favorite food is the wild guinea pig found in its area. The female maned wolves enter their estrus cycle only once a year, which continues for about five days. At present, the population of these mammals is almost threatened. Social Behavior. In captivity, these animals can live up to 16.8 years . While the peak time of their breeding in the wild falls between April and June, the males of the species produce sperm as usual, like other mammals>canids. Currently, no subspecies of the maned wolf has been described by the biologists. Maned wolf, (Chrysocyon brachyurus), rare large-eared member of the dog family (Canidae) found in remote plains areas of central South America.The maned wolf has a foxlike head, long reddish brown fur, very long blackish legs, and an erectile mane. The maned wolves are mostly solitary creatures, except during the mating season. The Maned wolf is the largest canid in South America, resembling a big fox with long and skinny legs. The benchmark genome assembly and annotation of the long-lived, cancer-resistant naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber). Fur/hair/coat: The entire body is covered with long, copper-orange to tan hairy coat, with the throat region having a white ‘bib’, and the tail-tip being white as well. In both Bolivia and Uruguay it is believed to be extinct, or surviving in very low numbers. The longevity of maned wolves in the wild is unknown. Maned Wolf Reproduction, Babies, and Lifespan. Maned wolves are shy creatures and seldom show up. Maned wolf urine releases pyrazines, hexagon-shaped clusters of nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen that create a powerful odor that smells a lot like marijuana smoke. Its length ranges from 125 to 130 cm (50 to 52 inches), excluding the 30–40-centimetre tail. Maned wolves are found through central and eastern regions of South America, including South and Central Brazil, northern Argentina, southern Peru, Paraguay, and Bolivia. There are no natural predators of the maned wolf; however, many specimens are hunt down or killed by the locals either for fur, or for trespassing inside their farm (stealing crops, or livestock like chicken). It will … These wild animals are threatened mostly by habitat loss, as well as, frequent incidents of being run over by automobiles. The maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is the largest canine of South America. The Maned Wolf ranges from 125 to 130 centimeters (50 to 52 inches) in length, excluding the 30–45-centimetre (12-18-inch) tail. The Maned Wolf is the largest of all South American canids, whose range extends from the Amazon basin rainforest in Brazil to the dry shrub forests of Bolivia, Peru, Paraguay and northern Argentina. As mentioned, because of their shy behavior, they avoid human contact, and hence, are not dangerous or directly threatening to humans. Maned Wolf SSP Husbandry Manual 7 million km2 (Dietz, 1985). Captive maned wolves live between 12-15 years. Chrysocyon Brachyurus Average height. Some howls are … The average lifespan of a wolf is about 5-10 years in the wild. Tail: A long, hairy/bushy tail hangs downwards, and is around 45 cm (18 in) in length. 12 - 15 years in zoos. They inhabit the Cerrado region – the largest biome of South America. Your email address will not be published. Economic Importance for Humans: Negative. 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