richmond birdwing butterfly vine

The Richmond Birdwing Conservation Network (RBCN) is an affiliation of individuals, groups and organisations dedicated to the conservation of the Richmond birdwing butterfly (Ornithoptera richmondia) and its host plants, the Richmond birdwing vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa) and mountain aristolochia (P. laheyana).. The colourful male has a wingspan of 12-13cm, with a black body, brilliant green stripes and spots on both sides of its wings, green patches on its hind wings and a bright red splash on its thorax. The larvae of this species feed on plants of the genus Pararistolochia, including the Richmond birdwing butterfly vine. Species in Profile – Richmond Birdwing Butterfly. extinction of the Richmond birdwing butterfly and it helps to recolonise areas where the birdwing butterfly is rare or has become extinct. This vine is the main food species for the Richmond birdwing butterfly. A woody, climbing vine to 20 metres The larvae, on the other hand, only feed on two species of vines, the lowland Richmond birdwing vine and and the mountain aristolochia. The Richmond birdwing lays eggs singly or in small clusters (up to three) on native Pararistolochia vines – the birdwing butterfly vine P. praevenosa at low to moderate elevations, i.e. Derivation of name. And in southern Queensland, a 7-hectare reserve has been set aside for the Richmond birdwing at Caboolture. Issued: 20 May 2020. • The female Birdwing butterfly lays her eggs on the leaves of these two species of Aristolochia vines. Host to Richmond Birdwing Butterfly. The Richmond River Birdwing Butterfly was a reasonably common species when the Big Scrub rainforest once covered this region; its range extended from Grafton to the subtropical rainforest around Noosa in Queensland. These receptors pick up chemical cues from the leaves of the vine. Contributed by Stephanie Lymburner, Committee Member, Big Scrub Landcare. Order: Lepidoptera. Ornithoptera richmondia, the Richmond birdwing, is a species of birdwing butterfly that is endemic to Australia. Photos. Rippon’s Birdwing; Wingspan: 7.9 in (20 cm) Distribution Area: Indonesia Conservation Status: Protected Prominent Colors: Black, yellow Source: wikimedia.org. Propagating, growing, planting and maintaining one Richmond Birdwing Butterfly Vine to ensure it survives and thrives costs $25. All Birdwing species and the Red-bodied Swallowtail. “The Richmond Birdwing has been around since before European settlement, but its habitat has been fragmented due to land clearing that has removed its only food source, the Birdwing butterfly vine,” says Dr Christine Hosking, Chairperson of the Richmond Birdwing Conservation Network. Jump to. It is the second smallest of the birdwing species, the smallest being Ornithoptera meridionalis. This plant has suffered from habitat loss since the appearance of European settlers. The Richmond birdwing vine occurs below 600m asl on basaltic slopes, creek banks, or on volcanic alluvial soils near watercourses, while mountain aristolochia vine occurs on basaltic ridges and slopes at >800m asl. About Photo: Birdwing Butterfly Plant Pararistolochia praevenosa Author: Poyt448 Peter Woodard License: CC0 Common Name: Richmond Birdwing Vine, Birdwing Butterfly Vine. They are also mainly attracted to the vine Pararistolochia praevenosa, or more commonly known as the Birdwing Butterfly Vine. The easiest way to tell them apart is from their leaves. It is very important to remove all signs of Dutchman's Pipe to protect any remaining butterflies. The butterfly is listed as vulnerable and is an important species that has been severely impacted by habitat loss and the introduced vine, the Dutchman’s Pipe (Aristolochia elegans), which is poisonous to the butterfly larvae. Phylum: Arthropoda. Add to cart. Summary The Richmond Birdwing Butterfly, restricted to subtropical areas of Australia, is threatened with extinction in the Queensland part of its range because of clearing and fragmenting rainforests containing its larval food vines. Butterfly World has begun to breed Cairns birdwings, which it will release into the wild. Class: Insecta. Tall vigorous climber to 20m. Coastal and highland rainforests of SE.Qld & NE.NSW. I only like the Richmond birdwing vine and I am one of your largest butterflies in Australia my wingspan can be 16cm. Slow at first, semi shade and protection from wind. Vines need to be about 4 m or more in height, with more than 30 leaves attached before a vine can support a larva to maturity. Richmond birdwings’ eggs hatch in 10 to 13 days and the caterpillar fully grows and transforms to a pupae in 25-50 days. The Richmond birdwing butterfly is very beautiful but is currently listed as vulnerable in Queensland due to habitat destruction and an introduced weed called the Dutchman’s pipe, which is poisonous to the butterfly. Small flowers are showy yellow with purplish veins. • First, she locates the correct plants by ‘tasting’ various leaves with chemical receptors in her forelegs. Tribe: Troidini. Positive signs of recovery for the species are now evident: together, we are bringing the birdwing back! In the subtropical lowlands of south-east Queensland, the Richmond birdwing is solely dependent on one plant – a native species called birdwing butterfly vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa). Discussion. The larvae (caterpillars) of the Richmond Birdwing are fussy eaters and only feed on two species of vine – both referred to as Richmond Birdwing Vines (Pararistolochia spp.). 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